Archive | February 2017

Native American mascot laws and regulations

The use of terms and images referring to Native Americans/First Nations as the name or mascot for a sports team is a topic of public controversy in the United States and in Canada, arising as part of the Native American/First Nations civil rights movements. Since the 1960s, there have been a number of protests and other actions by Native Americans and others targeting the more prominent use of such names and images by professional franchises such as the Cleveland Indians and the Washington Redskins. However, the greatest change has occurred in the trend by school and college teams that have retired Native American names and mascots at an increasing rate in recent decades. The analysis of a database in 2013 indicates that there are currently more than 2,000 high schools with mascots that reference Native American culture, compared to around 3,000 fifty years ago. Many of these changes have been voluntary as the issue has been discussed at a local level. Statewide laws or school board decisions mandating change have been passed in states with significant Native American populations. Other states have official policies that encourage change in accordance with principles of establishing a proper environment for education. However, there has also been resistance and backlash.

The documents most often cited to justifying the trend for change are an advisory opinion by the United States Commission on Civil Rights in 2001 and a resolution by the American Psychological Association in 2005. Both support the views of Native American organizations and individuals that such mascots maintaining harmful stereotypes that are discriminatory and cause harm by distorting the past and preventing understanding of Native American/First Nations peoples in the present. Native mascots are also part of the larger issues of cultural appropriation and the violation of indigenous intellectual property rights, which includes all instances where non-natives use indigenous music, art, costumes, etc. in entertainment or other performances. It has been argued that harm to Native Americans occurs because the appropriation of Native culture by the majority society continues the systems of dominance and subordination that have been used to colonize, assimilate, and oppress indigenous groups.

Defenders of the current usage often state their intention to honor Native Americans by referring to positive traits, such as fighting spirit and being aggressive, brave, stoic, dedicated, and proud; while opponents see these traits as being based upon stereotypes of Native Americans as savages. Supporters also state that the issue is not important, being only about sports, and that the opposition is nothing more than “political correctness”, which change advocates argue ignores the extensive evidence of harmful effects of stereotypes and bias.

Upon introducing a bill to ban dry bag camera, as of January 2017, the Redskins name used by high schools in the state of California, Assemblyman Luis Alejo stated that there is “”no reason why we can’t … phase out that particular derogatory term from our public high schools”. The four affected high schools are Tulare Union High School, Gustine High School, Calaveras High School, and Chowchilla Union High School. Governor Jerry Brown signed the bill into law on October 11, 2015. While specifically targeting only the name “Redskins”, the California Racial Mascot Act states “The use of racially derogatory or discriminatory school or athletic team names, mascots, or nicknames in California public schools is antithetical to the California school mission of providing an equal education to all.” In response, the Bakersfield City School District opened a discussion regarding the use of Native American imagery at two of its elementary schools. Both schools will continue using the name “Warriors” but will replace any Native American imagery with logos based upon their school’s initials.

Gustine High became the first to implement a change in February 2016; becoming the “Reds”, the name used by the school from 1913 to 1936. After a vote between four alternatives, Calaveras High School has selected to remove the Redskins name, but not replace it. The logo featuring a Native American will be retained. The Tulare school board began the process by surveying the public. The local Tule River Indian tribe was also consulted. The committee selected “The Tribe” as its top choice in April 2016. The school principle stated their intention to retain Native American imagery as much as possible. The Tulare Joint Union High School District board of trustees voted 3-2 for “Tribe” as the new mascot in June 2016. Chowchilla Union High School put off its decision until November 2016, after the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the school in October. The Chowchilla team name will be “Tribe”, retaining their logo and Native American imagery.

As of the January 2017 deadline, the four schools have complied with the letter of the law but not the spirit, retaining their Native American imagery and behavior, including a female student portraying an Indian Pricess in a floor length war bonnet and fans whopping and tomahawk chopping at games. With the agreement of the local government, Chowchilla has added “Redskins Way” signs to the streets leading to the school and insist they are maintaining a proud tradition that honors Native Americans, even as tribal members state that these practices trivialize and misrepresent the factual history of Native Americans in California. Calaveras, which has selected no official team name, is calling itself “the Mighty Reds” on it web site while retaining its prior logo.

In 2014 State lawmakers in Colorado began considering a bill that rather than a complete ban, would deny state funding to schools on a case by case basis, depending upon the name, logo, and local Native American support. Getting ahead of any potential law, Loveland High School in Loveland, Colorado, is “looking to a Lakota Sioux tribe for help creating a new mascot and a hands-on lesson in history and culture for the school.” Although passed by the House by one vote, the bill failed in a Colorado Senate committee. Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper has created by executive order a commission that will hold meetings where local community members, state agencies and Native Americans can seek to find common ground on the mascot issue. An example of local action is at Cheyenne Mountain High School, Colorado Springs, Colorado; which has taken action to eliminate stereotyping, including doing the tomahawk chop, or wearing warpaint and headdresses at games.

A bill has been introduced in the legislature to amend the General Laws of the Commonwealth to add a section prohibiting the use of Native American mascots by public schools, which are defined as “A name, symbol, or image that depicts or refers to an American Indian tribe, individual, custom, or tradition that is used by a public school as a mascot, nickname, logo, letterhead, or team name”. The team names “Redskins”, “Savages glass reusable water bottles,” “Indians,” “Indianettes,” “Chiefs,” “Chieftains,” “Braves,” or “Redmen” are specifically prohibited.

The Michigan State Board of Education issued in 2003, and reaffirmed in 2010, a resolution that “supports and strongly recommends the elimination of American Indian mascots, nicknames, logos, fight songs, insignias, antics, and team descriptors by all Michigan schools.”

In February 2013, the Michigan Department of Civil Rights (MDCR) filed a complaint with the US Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR). MDCR’s complaint asserts that new research clearly establishes that use of American Indian imagery negatively impacts student learning, creating an unequal learning environment in violation of Article VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In June 2013, the OCR dismissed the case on the basis that the legal standard required not only harm, but the intent to do harm, which was not established. One of the schools named in the MDCR complaint, Saranac Community Schools in Ionia County, Michigan plans to retain the name Redskins but has replaced the logo on its uniforms with a “Dreamcatcher” and the band will no longer play the “Tomahawk Song” at games.

The cost of removing Native American imagery has been a barrier to change, but a new Michigan Native American Heritage Fund will receive money for such changes due an amendment to the Tribal-State Gaming Compact between the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi (NHBP) and the State of Michigan.

On May 17, 2012, the Oregon State Board of Education voted 5–1 to adopt a rule prohibiting Oregon public schools from using Native American names, symbols, or images as school mascots; giving schools until July 1, 2017 to comply. Fifteen high schools using the nicknames Indians, Warriors, Braves and Chieftains were affected. However, Native American response was not unanimous; out of nine Federally recognized tribes in the state, two voiced opposition to the statewide ban on the basis of tribal sovereignty. Leaders said that there might have been an opportunity for developing an educational program for all students to learn about true native culture. In 2014 a state law was passed allowing schools to consult with nearby Native American tribes on acceptable names and imagery. While some Native Americans support such relationships with their local schools, Native American students who compete in athletics with these schools state that they are sometimes uncomfortable with the imagery used, and some groups maintain that the use of Native mascots needs to end everywhere. “These mascots undermine the educational experience of all students, particularly those with little or no contact with indigenous or native Alaskan peoples,” said Se-Ah-Dom Edmo, interim president of the Oregon Indian Education Association.

In May 2015 the Board of Education unanimously voted down an amendment that would have allowed schools to retain their current names and mascots, maintaining the 2017 deadline for change. However, in January 2016 the board decided to grant exemptions to schools if they work out agreements with local tribes. Two schools have decided not to seek the approval of any tribe, citing the difficulty of doing so. The Fort Vannoy Elementary “Indians” (now the “Nobles”) and Fleming Middle School “Rogues” (now the “Cavaliers”), both in the Three Rivers School District have changed their mascots meat tenderizer uses. Rather than seek approval from any of the many tribes in the area, The Dalles High School decided to change from the “Eagle Indians” to become the Riverhawks in 2014. Warrenton High School now uses a generic sword and shield logo while retaining its Warriors name.

The Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde entered into negotiations with the remaining high schools. So far, agreements have been made with four schools on the conditions of removing some imagery and implementing a native history curriculum: Banks High School Mohawk High School, Molalla High School and Scappoose High School. However, after further consideration, Mohawk High School in Marcola, Oregon will drop its “Mohawk Indian” name because its imagery refers to an east coast tribe, the only connection being the local Mohawk Valley.

The Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians and the Philomath, Oregon School District are continuing to work toward an agreement to keep Warriors as Philomath High School’s mascot. The Siletz were one of the tribes that opposed the original 2012 ban, and wants the Siletz Valley Charter School in the town adjacent to the Siletz Reservation to remain the Warriors.

Three Douglas County, Oregon school districts have decided to take the necessary steps to move forward with keeping their Native American mascots. Roseburg High School would remain the Indians with the agreement of the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians; the Reedsport Community Charter School Braves and the North Douglas High School Warriors in Drain, Oregon are also seeking tribal approval. However, three local tribes; the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw, the Coquille, and the Siletz do not agree that the “Reedsport Braves” is honorable way to represent their tribes. In an effort to retain part of their tradition, some in the community are thinking of changing to “Brave” and eliminating all Native American imagry. At a meeting of the residents and the school’s Native American Name and Image Committee, one of the committee members asked how many preferred no change, with an overwhelming majority of those present agreeing. However, it was stated that was not an option.

Additional high schools must either establish such an agreement or change their mascot before the deadline:

In January 2016 the South Dakota High School Activities Association passed a resolution asking all schools in the state to drop Native American nicknames and mascots. A bill was introduced in the South Dakota Legislature “to prohibit school districts from using school or athletic team names, mascots, or nicknames that are determined to be racially derogatory or discriminatory”, but failed to pass by a vote of 22 to 46.

Opposing the trend for change, in response to the Tennessee Commission of Indian Affairs seeking a ban though the Tennessee Human Rights Commission, the Tennessee Senate passed a law allowing only elected officials to take any action banning school teams using American Indian names and symbols.

In December 2013 the Houston Independent School District by unanimous vote passed a preliminary plan to eliminate all ethnically sensitive names and mascots, one of which is the Lamar High School Redskins. The Washington Redskins issued a statement repeating its position that such names are not offensive to many Native Americans, but rather are a source of pride. In April 2014 the schools affected by the policy announced new names: the Lamar High School Redskins will become the Texans, both the Hamilton Middle School Indians and Westbury High School Rebels will be the Huskies and the Welch Middle School Warriors will be the Wolf Pack. The initial cost of the change was $50,000 for new fall uniforms, and there will be additional costs such as changing names and logos on facilities. The total cost is estimated to be $250,000. However it was noted that team uniforms are periodically replaced anyway, so the cost is not due only to the name changes. “The moral cost to our reputation as a diverse district — where we care about the sensitivities of every single individual — would be incalculable if we were not to do this,” HISD superintendent Terry Grier said.

On September 24, 1993 the Washington State Board of Education (WSBE) passed a resolution encouraging all state schools to end the use of Native American mascots This was a reinteration by a similar resolution in 2012.

In the absence of mandatory regulations, change has come only as individual schools have addressed the issue. Bellingham High School had a Native American mascot until it was closed for renovation. When it reopened in 2000, the mascot was changed to a bird of prey, but the name “Red Raiders” was retained. The Seattle-area Issaquah School District adopted a policy banning symbols based on racial stereotypes; resulting in a change of the Issaquah High School team from the “Indians” to the “Eagles” in 2003 over the protest of some students. The “Indian Head” logo used by the Clover Park High School “Warriors” has been replaced by a block “CP” with a spear.[citation needed]

In 2010 a law was passed in Wisconsin to eliminate race-based nicknames, logos and mascots in schools; but allowing retention if they have the permission of local Native American tribes. Many mascots were changed either voluntarily or in response to complaints. However, in October 2013 the law was changed to make it more difficult by requiring the complainant to collect signatures of 10% of the school district’s population and prove discrimination, while under the 2010 law only one petitioner is needed, and the burden of proof was on the school to disprove racism. Although now allowed to do so, some schools that have already made a change have decided not to restore their prior mascots. Native American groups opposed the change in the law. Delivering the State of the Tribes address to the Wisconsin legislature in March 2015; Mole Lake Sokaogon Chairman Chris McGeshik stated: “We believe the recent decision to override the progress made with the state in regard to the school mascots to be a mockery of the indigenous people in the state and around America.”

Prompted by the concerns of Native Americans, the Madison Metropolitan School District in Wisconsin has implemented a policy banning student clothing having “words, pictures, or caricatures based on negative stereotypes of a specific gender, ethnicity, nationality, religion, sexual orientation or disability”, which would ban all sports apparel displaying Native American mascot names, images or logos. However the ban may not pass the legal test that freedom of speech does not allow for a ban on expression unless there is a “substantial disruption of the educational mission”. Visiting athletic teams will also be asked to leave behind Native American mascots and logos, otherwise the game could be canceled.

Geoffrey Robertson

Geoffrey Ronald Robertson (nacido en 30 de septiembre de 1946 en Sídney, Nueva Gales del Sur) es un abogado especializado en derechos humanos, académico, juez a tiempo parcial, autor y difusor. Posee la doble ciudadanía de Australia y Reino Unido. Es profesor en el Queen Mary College, Universidad de Londres.

Geoffrey Robertson nació en Australia y creció en el suburbio de Sídney Eastwood. Obtuvo su Licenciatura en Derecho de la Universidad de Sídney, Facultad de Derecho antes de ganar una beca Rhodes para estudiar en Oxford.

Es fundador y director del Doughty Street Chambers, bufete especializado en la defensa de los derechos civiles y humanos.

Robertson se casa con Kathy Lette en 1990 y actualmente tiene dos hijos. Vive en Londres facts about bottled water.

Robertson se convirtió en un abogado en 1973. Ha conducido cientos de apelaciones de muerte, como el proceso contra Hastings Banda, y de varios sospechosos de terrorismo en Tribunal Penal de Inglaterra y a la organización Human Rights Watch en el juicio contra el dictador chileno Augusto Pinochet. También actuó como abogado del Antiguan Royal Commission, sacando a la luz el tráfico de armas del cártel de Medellín. Participó en la formación de los jueces que juzgaron a Sadam Husein.

Robertson fue amenazado de muerte por los terroristas por representar a Salman Rushdie. Ha llevado múltiples casos de defensa de las libertades civiles ante el Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos y en otros tribunales de todo el mundo. Se sienta como un juez de apelación ante el Tribunal Especial de las Naciones Unidas para los crímenes de guerra en Sierra Leona.

Robertson ha escrito varios libros. Uno de ellos, The Justice Game, está en los planes de estudios de Nueva Gales del Sur, Australia.

Su último libro, The Tyrannicide Brief, repasa los detalles de la historia de John Cooke, procesado por el rey Carlos I de Inglaterra en el juicio por traición que condujo a su ejecución.

En su revisión de 2006 de Crímenes contra la humanidad, Robertson hace una exhaustiva referencia a los derechos humanos, los crímenes de lesa humanidad y los crímenes de guerra. El libro comienza con la historia de los derechos humanos y tiene varios estudios de casos concretos

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, como el caso del general Augusto Pinochet de Chile, las guerras de los Balcanes, y la última guerra de Iraq. Su opinión sobre los bombardeos atómicos de Estados Unidos en Hiroshima y Nagasaki puede ser considerado controvertido. Su argumento es que las bombas, que provocaron la muerte de más de 100.000 civiles, estaban justificadas porque impulsó al emperador Hirohito de Japón a rendirse, salvando así la vida de cientos de miles de vidas de las fuerzas aliadas, así como a los mismos soldados y civiles japoneses.

Durante un período de veinte años, Robertson ha protagonizado una serie de televisión en Australia, donde invita a la gente, incluidos antiguos y actuales líderes políticos, a debatir cuestiones contemporáneas asumiendo distintas identidades en situaciones hipotéticas.

Mégarama (Villeneuve-la-Garenne)

Une réorganisation et une clarification du contenu paraissent nécessaires. Discutez des points à améliorer en page de discussion ou précisez les sections à recycler en utilisant {{section à recycler}}.

Le Mégarama de Villeneuve-la-Garenne (Hauts-de-Seine) est un multiplexe comprenant le plus grand écran de France ainsi que la deuxième plus grande salle de cinéma de France.

Le Mégarama de Villeneuve-la-Garenne, situé au 44 avenue Longue Bertrane est un multiplexe de 18 salles. Le cinéma a ouvert ses portes en 1996 reusable metal water bottle, et a été construit par Jean-Pierre Lemoine, qui est à l’origine du Forum Horizon (actuel UGC Ciné-Cité les Halles), au Forum des Halles. En 2002, le cinéma s’agrandit d’une salle, et ainsi voit le jour la salle 18 : Salle (Horizon) 3D Ultima 4K.

Les salles :

Il accueille chaque année plus de 950 000 spectateurs en moyenne & dépasse la barre du million d’entrées annuelles runners water bottle belt.

Il a été entièrement numérisé en mai 2011 par la société Ymagis,

Montée des Carmélites

Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) selon les recommandations des projets correspondants.

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Lyon

Géolocalisation sur la carte : métropole de Lyon

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La montée des Carmélites est une rue du 1er arrondissement de Lyon.

L’histoire de cette montée est aussi ancienne que l’histoire de Lyon puisque c’était l’un des trois cheminements servant à gravir la colline de la Croix Rousse. Une plaque rappelle d’ailleurs que ce trajet s’appelait la voie du Rhin smartphone waterproof pouch. Une partie de cette montée

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, à la déclivité importante where can i buy water in glass bottles, a été couverte d’escaliers, en bordure du Jardin des Plantes.

Cette voie s’appelait autrefois montée de la Déserte en référence à un couvent fondé en 1296 par Blanche de Châlon à l’emplacement de l’actuelle place Sathonay. Elle était également dénommée Côte Saint-Vincent. Au moins à partir de 1651, la rue prend le nom de montée des Carmélites. Les Carmélites furent établies dans le quartier en 1616 par Jacqueline de Harlay alternate football jerseys, épouse du gouverneur Charles de Neuville d’Alincourt. Cet ordre suit les traces de Berthold, un ermite installé sur le mont Carmel en Palestine et qui fit aussi des émules de l’autre côté de la Saône au monastère des Carmes déchaussés. Le couvent de la congrégation des sœurs de Saint Charles fait suite au monastère de l’annonciade céleste fondé ici en 1624.

La montée est bordée par la fontaine d’Auguste Burdeau et l’amphithéâtre des Trois Gaules.

L’amphithéâtre des Trois Gaules

La fontaine de Burdeau

Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :

Helsinki harbour rail

The Helsinki harbour rail line (Finnish: Helsingin satamarata) was a side rail track in Helsinki, Finland, built in the 1890s, and dismantled in 2009. Originally it led from the Helsinki Central railway station, via the city’s coastline, to Katajanokka. Its original length was 7 kilometres (4.3 mi), but in its final stage, its length was only about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi). In the final phase the track had two level crossings and a railyard in the Länsisatama (West Harbour). Near the start of the track were the former VR warehouses. It was used only by trains going to the harbour and Hietalahti shipyard, but special request trains have also travelled the track.

The construction of the harbour rail began in 1891, although the first plans for the track had been made in 1870. The first train to Eteläsatama ran in December 1893 and the line was inaugurated in the next spring, on 8 April 1894, when it reached the old sales hall. The extension of the rails to Katajanokka was completed in September 1895. The length of the new track was 5.49 kilometres (3.41 mi) and it included 4.292 kilometres (2.667 mi) of side tracks. The track also included Finland’s first, 74 metres (243 ft) long, railway tunnel to Kaivopuisto, and the bridge under Mannerheimintie was Finland’s first concrete bridge.

Originally, the track began at Helsinki rail depot and warehouses, then ran under Heikinkatu (after Winter War called Mannerheimintie) and continued in a chasm to Ruoholahti. From Ruoholahti the track went via Hietalahti to Merisatama in the middle of Telakkakatu and from there onwards along the edge of Kaivopuisto to the tip of Katajanokka. It was then around 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) long. There were five locations with sidings: Ruoholahti heart necklace, Länsisatama, Merisatama, Eteläsatama and Katajanokka. Katajanokka, Eteläsatama and Merisatama were built when the line was built, the other two were built as Länsisatama developed later on. The track had a tunnel south of the Olympiaterminaali, and at the Market Square there were two turning bridges at the Cholera basin and at the Katajanokka canal, and one in Hietalahti. The first 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) were without level crossings because of running in a chasm, but there were several level crossings between Ruoholahti and Katajanokka. The most famous level crossing was the one for pedestrians in Kaivopuisto. Two children were involved in a level crossing accident in May 1913 and died. For decades, even until 1980’s, someone made crosses in the ballast sand between sleepers on the site of the accident. There are lots of preserved pictures of the crosses. It is not known to date who made the crosses.

In the 1950s, it was possible that some week’s last train, carrying a heavy load of coal cargo, was pulled from Jätkäsaari to Pasila by two Vr3 engines, causing even the windows of Eduskuntatalo to shake and the chasm between the two parallel Rautatienkatu (Railway Street) streets to fill with black coal smoke. Even in the middle 1970s one could see the supervisor engine of the harbour in the middle of the Market Square going to fetch cargo cars from Katajanokka, or pushing a long line of cars over the Market Square turning bridge in either direction. The track did not have official stations or stops, because its main use was cargo traffic, passenger traffic was agreed separately each time, including a separate train sender; most of the time the place of agreement was in Katajanokka.

After Eteläsatama was assigned solely to passenger traffic, the harbour cranes and the track were dismantled in 1972. When the Finnjet was built, there was a public presentation of a plan to put the harbour rail to passenger use in a similar way as in Turku, where passenger trains go to the harbour. These plans were not realised, as the first part of this line was dismantled from the front of the Finnjet terminal in Katajanokka in 1977. The cargo traffic to Katajanokka finally ended on May 1, 1980.

The Eteläsatama branch was closed with a stop disc at the eastern end of Merisatama railyard, but the track leading to Eteläsatama remained in place, disused, for several years. The track to Katajanokka was dismantled by 1985, and in 1989 the turning bridge crossing the Katajanokka canal was replaced by a light traffic bridge. At the same time, the part of the track on the edge of Kaivopuisto was dismantled. The tunnel still exists, but Merisatama end of it has been filled in. The last passenger train to visit Katajanokka was a Dm9 unit, travelling on request. Despite the dismantling of the track from Merisatama onwards, a short spur of track has survived in the Market Square.

Commemorating the track is a water supply crane in Katajanokka, adored with a memorial plaque. Also the swing bridge of Cholera basin is preserved. It is closed during winter and open all time during ice-free season.

The part of the track leading from Ruoholahti to the Merisatama sidings, and the spur track from there to the Hietalahti shipyard, were in use until 2005. This track was lifted in July 2008. The swing bridge in Hietalahti has been preserved. It is open all time during ice-free season as the Hietalahti basin has a harbour for small craft.

In 1925, there was also a side track from Ruoholahti to Salmisaari. It was used for cargo traffic for the Alko factories and the Nokia cable factory. These side tracks were dismantled from 1990 to 1993. Also the harbour tracks on the eastern edge of Jätkäsaari were dismantled in the 1990s.

In the last years the harbour rail served only Länsisatama and consisted mostly of container traffic. The number of sidings near Mary’s Hospital was reduced and during final years there was only one through track in use (see the picture above). The surviving part of the track was dismantled in May 2009, after the harbour facilities were moved from Länsisatama to the Vuosaari harbour. There were many plans for future use for the chasm between Pohjoinen Rautatienkatu and Eteläinen Rautatienkatu (Northern Railway Street and Southern Railway Street). The chasm was included in plan of Helsinki Center Tunnel for vehicle traffic, but construction of the tunnel has been postponed all football shirts. Other plans were a bicycle and pedestrian corridor or a light rail line.

The line in Eira from shipyard junction to mainline junction remained in place until entire line was lifted. The rail path from Hietalahti to Eiranranta was for the most part converted to bike and pedestrian use and the site of former sidings in Merisatama has been turned into a park. It was used for boat winter storage before dismantling of last rails.

For the chasm, of the three plans, the bicycle and pedestrian alternative prevailed in the end. The modification to bike and pedestrian use took several years. The name Baana (Finnish slang word for (rail)way coming from Swedish ban and German Bahn) for the new route was obtained through a naming competition. Baana opened for public on Helsinki Day June 12, 2012.

Baana begins between Helsinki Music Centre and Kiasma. It runs to a new separated-grade vehicle/bicycle junction called Länsilinkki (Western Link) near former level crossing of Hietalahdenranta street with a total length of 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) and an average depth of 7 metres (23 ft) stainless steel reusable water bottle. There are several staircase exits for pedestrians and a sloped exit in Leppäsuo for bikes. The pedestrian lane has chairs fixed to asphalt. In the wide part near Ruoholahdenkatu sports-related facilities have been provided for skateboarding and table tennis.

Baana provides a speedy way to bike through western Helsinki downtown and adds to non-commercial space in heart of downtown. It has been very popular especially during prime biking season. There is a bike counter in Leppäsuo district which shows bike count for today and for this year. It can also be viewed online remington shaver battery. Baana chasm has been used for performances during annual festival Night of the Arts.

Baana received a special mention in European Prize for Urban Public Space competition in 2014.

Psyko Punkz

Psyko Punkz est un groupe de compositeurs et disc jockeys hardstyle néerlandais, composé de Sven Sieperda et Wietse Amersfoort. Ils sont membres actuels du label discographique belge Dirty Workz, auquel ils contribuent depuis 2008. Psyko Punkz participe régulièrement à des soirées événementielles de musiques électroniques telles que Defqon.1, et Qlimax. Ils parviennent à se classer « meilleur nouveau groupe » aux Hard Dance Awards, et à atteindre, la même année, le DJ Mag Top 100 aux États-Unis. Ils sont également les compositeurs de musiques et d’anthems considérés mémorables dans le milieu du hardstyle.

Sven Sieperda et Wietse Amersfoort forment le groupe en 2008. Tous les deux se rencontrent et forment Psyko Punkz avec, comme point commun, l’amour pour le hardstyle. Lors d’une entrevue effectuée en 2013 avec le magazine Vice, Sieperda et Amersfoort explique avoir « écrit une centaine de mots sur papier. Psyko Punkz dit tout sur ce que nous sommes. » Depuis sa formation Psyko Punkz participe régulièrement à des soirées événementielles de musiques électroniques telles que Defqon.1 (aux Pays-Bas et en Australie), Nature One, Qlimax, et TomorrowWorld. De nombreux fans à travers le monde se proclament « psycho-soldiers » en dansant sur leurs titres tels que Psyko Foundation.

En 2010, leur titre Bass Boom est élu « meilleure chanson&nbsp round meat tenderizer aux Hard Dance Awards. Le titre officiel mis en ligne sur YouTube atteint 1,5 million de vues en l’espace de 10 mois. En 2011, Psyko Punkz est classé dans la catégorie « meilleur nouveau groupe », toujours aux Hard Dance Awards, et se surpasse dans ses performances au fil des années. Avec la popularité croissante du hardstyle aux États-Unis, Psyko Punkz est classé à la 78e place du DJ Mag Top 100 en 2011, et atteint la 67e place l’année suivante, en 2012. Le 3 avril 2012, le groupe met en ligne le vidéoclip de leur titre Psyko Foundation, qui cumule 150 000 vue en un mois. Toujours en 2012, ils sont sélectionnés pour composer l’anthem annuel de Qlimax, qu’ils intituleront Fate or Fortune.

En juin 2014 Month Necklace, le duo annonce son nouveau projet appelé Shadow Mask Music, un label indépendant christmas socks wholesale, ainsi que l’élaboration d’un nouveau titre Drunken Masta.

Ziegelrote Kohlenkruste

Ziegelrote Kohlenkruste (Hypoxylon rubiginosum)

Die Ziegelrote Kohlenkruste (Hypoxylon rubiginosum) ist eine Pilzart aus der Familie der Holzkeulenverwandten (Xylariaceae).

Die Fruchtkörper (Stromata) sind oft unregelmäßig großflächig auf dem Substrat ausgebreitet. Sie bilden dabei eine dünne Kruste, die bis zu 30 cm lang, bis zu 10&nbsp best goalie gloves soccer;cm breit und 1 bis 2 mm dick werden kann. Die Oberfläche ist wellig und oft gefurcht. Durch die Perithecienmündungen (Ostiolen), die jedoch nicht über die Oberfläche der Stromata herausragen, wirkt sie etwas rau. Die Färbung reicht von ziegelrot über rot- bis purpurbraun; im Alter sind sie stumpf schwarz getönt.

Die Anamorphe befindet sich an den Rändern junger Stromata oder bei älteren Exemplaren. Sie ist blass gelbbraun bis honigfarben und samtig. Die Konidien sind ellipsoid geformt und gelblich gefärbt. Sie messen 5-6 x 3-4 µm fabric shaver uk.

Die Sporen sind breitelliptisch bis bohnenförmig und messen 7–13 × 3–6 µm. Sie besitzen einen Öltropfen und eine gerade Keimspalte in Sporenlänge. Der Apikalring der Asci ist amyloid.

Junge Stromata der Ziegelroten Kohlenkruste

Alte Stromata der Ziegelroten Kohlenkruste

Die Ziegelrote Kohlenkruste kann äußerlich für einen Rindenpilz gehalten werden. Mit einer Lupe oder durch Anschneiden werden die Perithecien sichtbar. Weitere ähnliche Arten der Kohlenbeeren (Hypoxylon) sind nur schwierig zu unterscheiden.

Die Ziegelrote Kohlenkruste ist ganzjährig auf entrindeten sock manufacturers, seltener berindeten Laubhölzern zu finden

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. Die besiedelten Substrate sind meist Ahorne und Eschen.

Der Pilz ist in der Holarktis in den temperaten Regionen anzutreffen. In Deutschland ist er weit verbreitet.

Bord tombé

Dans le domaine de la signalisation routière, on désigne par bord tombé une continuité courbée de la tôle constituant le subjectile du panneau best place to buy football jerseys. Le bord tombé sert d’une part à renforcer le bord du panneau, d’autre part à réduire la gravité des blessures en cas d’impact physique d’un usager piéton sur le bord du panneau glass in a bottle.

Ce bord tombé peut lui-même avoir une continuité courbée. On parle alors de bord tombé rebordé.

Ce renfort du panneau qui sert aussi de protection en cas de choc peut ne pas être une continuité du panneau, mais être constitué d’une pièce spéciale qui vient se fixer sur le bord du subjectile. On parle alors de bord protecteur.

Les caractéristiques dimensionnelles ci-après sont valables en France pour tous les type de panneaux, qu’ils soient de police ou directionnels.

La largeur e du bord tombé doit être inférieure ou égale à 20 mm quelle que soit la gamme de panneau considérée.

La hauteur nominale minimale h du bord tombé est fixée à 10 mm camelbak glass water bottle. On admet une diminution progressive jusqu’à 15 mm dans les angles.

Provo Orem MAX

Provo Orem MAX is a planned MAX (bus rapid transit, or “BRT”) line in central Utah County, Utah, United States that will be operated by the Utah Transit Authority (UTA) and will run between southwest Orem to south central Provo by way of Utah Valley University (UVU) and Brigham Young University (BYU). It is anticipated to be completed and begin service by 2019 and is the second of several BRT lines that UTA is planning in Utah County and the Salt Lake Valley. MAX is described by UTA as “light rail on rubber tires”.

Once completed, the Provo Orem MAX line will connect the Orem FrontRunner Station with UVU, the University Mall, BYU, downtown Provo, the Provo FrontRunner Station, the Provo Towne Centre mall, and the East Bay business park (including Novell) and will follow a route primarily along University Parkway (SR 265) and University Avenue (US 189). The line is projected to include 17 stops (stations) and run at 10-15 minute intervals, with 5 minute headways during peak hours.

UTA had anticipated having the Provo Orem MAX operational by the time the Provo and Orem FrontRunner stations opened in the fall of 2012, but by August 2014 construction on the line had yet to commence. The Federal Transit Administration reports that construction began in mid 2016 and service opening in 2019. The initial cost of the Provo Orem MAX is estimated to be nearly $160 million.

The Provo Orem MAX will connect with the FrontRunner at both the Provo and Orem intermodal centers (stations). The FrontRunner is a commuter rail service run by UTA that operates along the Wasatch Front with service from Provo, through Salt Lake County (including Salt Lake City), Davis County, and Weber County, (including Ogden) to Pleasant View (on the northern edge of Weber County). The FrontRunner also connects with UTA’s TRAX light rail system in the Salt Lake Valley as well as Amtrak’s (the National Railroad Passenger Corporation) California Zephyr (which runs daily between Chicago, Illinois and the San Francisco Bay Area) and Greyhound inter-city buses.

All of UTA’s TRAX and FrontRunner trains and stations, streetcars and streetcar stops, and all fixed route buses are compliant with Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and are therefore accessible to those with disabilities. However goalkeeper gloves for sale, ADA boarding on MAX’s unique buses is at the center door, rather than the front (as is the case with regular bus service). In accordance with the Utah Clean Air Act and UTA ordinance, “smoking is prohibited on UTA vehicles as well as UTA bus stops [including MAX stations], TRAX stations, and FrontRunner stations”.

As the initial route was nearing finalization in early 2013, Brigham Young University announced that it was closing a portion of East Campus Drive. Even though none of the (then current) Provo Orem MAX route ran along this road (although it had been previously anticipated), the closure of this five lane road would affect traffic on nearby streets, primarily 900 East. Since the traffic projections were based upon the use of East Campus Drive, it became prudent to re-assess the portion of the route in the area of 900 East to ensure that the previously preferred route was still the best option. As part of this discussion many alternatives arose, but it appears that the original route will still be followed, with a few modifications. One of the major considerations for keeping the original route was the strong possibility of losing federal funding, as well as substantial financial support from the Mountainland Association of Governments.

Other changes that were made later in the process included the stop that was initially planned to be located at about 1100 North 900 East. It was first moved slightly north to just north of Birch Lane/Heritage Drive in front of the BYU Creamery. However, this stop was later eliminated altogether in favor of two new stops, one on the southeast edge of BYU campus (on 900 North) and one on the northeast edge of campus (on University Parkway), at the anticipated entrance to the Missionary Training Center). Additional improvement recommendations were also added along 900 East, including 10 feet (3.0 m) sidewalks.

In March of 2015 the Federal Transit Administration approved the Environmental Assessment submitted by UTA in late 2014 with a “Finding of No Significant Impact.”

In April of 2016, Provo City and Orem City voted to approve a 50-year lease agreement allowing UTA to construct dedicated lanes and other improvements on local roads owned by Provo and Orem (mainly on 700 North in Provo and near UVU in Orem). However, this decision received significant opposition from some residents.

As the need increases and funding becomes available, Phase II improvements will be implemented. In Phase II, the northwest end of the Provo Orem MAX will be rerouted directly east from the Orem Station along 800 South (instead of south along Geneva Road) and connect with the UVU campus by way of a new high-occupancy/toll (HOT) interchange overpass. It will then pass by the north and east edges of the UVU campus before reaching University Parkway and continuing along the remainder of its original route. As part of the reroute metal drink bottle, the single MAX stop on the south side of the UVU campus (UCU/Sandhill) will be replaced by three new stops along the north and east sides of campus. The cost of Phase II is anticipated to be about $18 million.

In addition to the Phase II improvements to the line, UTA also plans to eventually augment the Provo Orem MAX with additional MAX (BRT) lines within about 7–16 years. One of the MAX lines will run north from the Provo Station following along 500 East (US-89) in Provo; State Street (US-89) through Provo, Orem, Lindon, and Pleasant Grove; and Main Street (US 89) through American Fork until it reaches the American Fork FrontRunner Station. Another MAX line will run south from the Provo Station though East Bay Business Park, then east along 1860 South to State Street (US 89), then south through Springville on Main Street (US 89), then southwest along South State Road (SR-51) to Spanish Fork, and finally through Spanish Fork (on Expressway Lane, 800 North, Main Street, and Center Street) until it reaches the planned FrontRunner Station in Spanish Fork (west of I-15 and south of Center Street).

UTA has not yet assigned a route number to the Provo Orem MAX.

Note: The following route is an approximate description of the “locally preferred route” (LPR) and is still subject to changes before finalization.

The Provo Orem MAX will begin at the Orem Intermodal Center (FrontRunner station), which is located at 900 South 1350 West. After heading east to and then briefly south on Geneva Road (SR-114), it will head east on University Parkway (SR-265) to cross over I-15 and then turn north on Sandhill Road. At the end of this very short stretch of Sandhill Road it will turn east (through the roundabout) and then head east on College Drive (on the southern edge of the UVU campus) until it reaches the UVU/Sandhill stop on College Drive and/or 1200 South. From that stop it will continue east on 1200 South until it reaches another roundabout at 400 West. Immediately after turning south on 400 West and then east again on University Parkway it will reach the 400 West stop (to be located in the median of University Parkway, just east of 400 West).

From the 400 West stop the Provo Orem MAX will continue east in dedicated inside lanes and will ascend the Orem Bench and then cross 200 West and Main Street. Immediately after crossing Main Street it will arrive at the Main Street stop (to be located in the median of University Parkway). After that stop it will continue east in its dedicated inside lanes, crossing 200 East and State Street (US-89) before passing by the south side of the University Mall and reaching the last stop in Orem (University Mall) at about 700 East. The station for this stop will also be located in the median of East University Parkway. Shortly after that stop, it will cross 800 East and then head southeast on University Parkway to descend the Orem Bench as it leaves Orem and enters Provo.

Continuing southeast on University Parkway in its dedicated inside lanes the Provo Orem MAX will reach the 2230 North stop just after crossing 2230 North/550 West in Provo. The station for this stop will again be located in the median of University Parkway. From that stop it will continue southeast on University Parkway in its dedicated lanes until it passes over the Provo River and then crosses 200 West (Freedom Boulevard) and University Avenue (US-189).

Immediately after crossing University Avenue, the Provo Orem MAX will continue east on University Parkway in shared lanes and will cross Canyon Road before passing by the northern edge of the BYU campus and the southern side of the LaVell Edwards Stadium. Just east of the stadium it will arrive at the LaVell Edwards Stadium stop at about 350 East. The stations for this stop will be located on the sides of University Parkway, directly north of the Larry H. Miller baseball field and immediately east of the signalized intersection with the events parking lot access. Since there are no dedicated lanes along this portion of the route, bus turnouts will be included for this stop. From this stop it will continue east on University Parkway. At about 850 East it will reach the next (yet unnamed) stop. This stop will have two stations on both sides of University Parkway. A new crosswalk with a traffic light will be constructed that will continue straight north across University Parkway from the existing sidewalk (pedestrian path) that runs along the east side of the Harmon Building. The southbound stop (heading east) will be just east of the crosswalk and the northbound stop (heading west) will be west of the crosswalk and the current parking lot access (which is anticipated to become the new main entrance to the Missionary Training Center). Since there are still no dedicated lanes along this portion of the route, bus turnouts will be also included for this stop.

After that stop the Provo Orem MAX will continue in shared traffic lanes to turn south onto 900 east and pass by the eastern edge of BYU campus. Shortly after crossing Birch Lane/Heritage Drive, it will turn west onto 900 North and immediately reach the next (yet unnamed) stop on the southeast corner of BYU campus. This will stop will be the primary stop for BYU campus and will have two stations (one on each side of 900 North), rather than a single station in the median. From that stop it will continue briefly west on 900 North before that road curves south to become 700 East. There will be dedicated outside lanes on 900 North between Campus Drive and 900 East, except for the easternmost portion for the northbound buses (heading east at this point) which will be crossing from the outside lane to make a left-hand turn onto 900 East. Also, regular traffic between Campus Drive and 900 East will be reduced from two lanes to one lane in each direction.

After briefly continuing south on 700 East in shared lanes the Provo Orem MAX will turn west again onto 700 North. Continuing on, in dedicated lanes once again, it will head east until it crosses 600 East and 500 East, passes by far southern edge of BYU campus, and reaches the 400 East stop (to be located in the median of 700 North just east of 400 East). From that stop it will continue west again, still in its dedicated inside lanes, and will cross 400 East, 300 East, 200 East, and 100 East, before finally arriving at University Avenue.

Upon reaching University Avenue again, the Provo Orem MAX will turn south on that road and continue on, still in its dedicated inside lanes, to cross 600 North and arrive at the 600 North stop (to be located in the median of University Avenue, just south of 600 North in front of the Provo City Library). From that stop it will continue south in its dedicated inside lanes and cross 500 North, 400 North, and 300 North and then arrive at the 300 North stop (to be located in the median of University Avenue, just south of 300 North). After that stop it will enter the main downtown Provo business district and continue south in its dedicated inside lanes and cross 200 North, 100 North, and Center Street.

After crossing Center Street the Provo Orem MAX will immediately arrive at the Center Street stop (to be located in the median of University Avenue just south of Center Street). From that stop it will continue south, still in its dedicated inside lanes, crossing 200 South and 300 South (US-89) before reaching the 400 South stop (to be located in the median of University Avenue, just north of 400 South). After crossing 400 South it will continue in shared lanes (beyond the 400 South stop there are no more dedicated lanes for the Provo Orem MAX) as it crosses over the 600 South and the Union Pacific and FrontRunner tracks on the University Avenue Viaduct. Immediately after the viaduct it will cross 780 South and then reaches 920 South and turn west. After briefly heading west on 920 South, it will turn north onto 100 East. After crossing 700 South it will reach the Provo Intermodal Center (FrontRunner station).

After its stop at the Provo Intermodal Center, the Provo Orem MAX head briefly west on 700 South until it once again reaches Freedom Boulevard (200 West). After turning south on 200 West it will continue in shared lanes as it passes through the 920 South roundabout, crosses 1020 South and reaches Towne Centre Boulevard. At Towne Centre Boulevard it will turn east and continue very briefly until the road turns south. Continuing south, still in shared lanes, it will reach the Provo Towne Centre Mall stop(s) as it passes by the east side of the mall. It will then continue south on Town Centre Boulevard (at about 100 West) until it reaches Towne Centre Drive (at about 1450 South) and turns east on that road. Continuing east in shared lanes Towne Centre Drive becomes East Bay Boulevard after it crosses University Avenue.

Continuing east in a shared lane on East Bay Boulevard it will cross 40 East, and 180 East before reaching the Novell stop (to be located just east of 180 East on the east bound lanes). It will then turn south as East Bay Boulevard curves and becomes East Bay Boulevard. Upon reaching 1860 South it will turn west and, while still in a shared lane, it will arrive at the Southgate Center stop (to be located on the west bound lanes). From that stop it will continue west until it once again reaches University Avenue. After turning north on University Avenue, it will continue north until it turns west on Towne Centre Drive.

The Provo Orem MAX stops only once at both the Novell and Southgate Center stops (in one direction only) as it loops clockwise through the East Bay Businsess Park. After turning west onto Towne Centre Drive, it follows its route back to the Orem Intermodal Center as it stops at all the other stops/stations alone its route.

Initially 15-17 stops are planned for the Provo Orem MAX. The stops indicated are based upon the best information available so far and are subject to change before the project is finalized.

As part of Phase II three new stops will be created on the north and northeast side of the UVU campus and the stop on the south side of campus (UVU/Sandhill) will be eliminated.

Bundesstraße 444

Bundesland:

Niedersachsen

Die Bundesstraße 444 (Abkürzung: B 444) ist eine Bundesstraße in Niedersachsen.

Die B 444 begann bis 2008 im Ortsteil Kreuzkrug der Ortschaft Eltze (Gemeinde Uetze / Region Hannover) und zweigte dort von der B 188 (Burgdorf–Wolfsburg) ab. Nach nur wenigen hundert Metern kreuzte sie die B 214 (Braunschweig–Celle). 2008 wurde dieser Abschnitt zurückgebaut und entwidmet. Seitdem beginnt die Bundesstraße erst an der B 214.

Bei Peine kreuzt die B 444 die A 2 (Berlin–Hannover). Im Zuge der Ortsumgehung von Peine hat die B 444 einen gemeinsamen Verlauf mit der B 65 (Braunschweig–Hannover).

Zwischen den Ortschaften Groß Lafferde und Hoheneggelsen verläuft die B 444 zusammen mit der B 1 (Braunschweig–Hildesheim).

Die Bundesstraße endet schließlich an der Abfahrt Grasdorf der B 6 (Goslar–Hildesheim) unweit der Abfahrt Derneburg/Salzgitter der A 7 (Hannover–Kassel).

B 1 • B 2 • B 2 R • B 3 • B 4 • B 4 R • B 5 • B 6 • B 7 • B 8 • B 9 • B 10 • B 11 • B 12 • B 13 • B 14 • B 15 • B 16 • B 17 • B 19 • B 20 • B 21 • B 22 • B 23 • B 25 • B 26 • B 27 • B 28 • B 29 • B 30 • B 31 • B 32 • B 33 • B 34 • B 35 • B 36 • B 37 • B 38 • B 39 • B 40 • B 41 • B 42 • B 43 • B 44 • B 45 • B 47 • B 48 • B 49 • B 50 • B 51 • B 52 • B 53 • B 54 • B 55 • B 56 • B 57 • B 58 • B 59 • B 61 • B 62 • B 63 • B 64 • B 65 • B 66 • B 67 • B 68 • B 69 • B 70 • B 71 • B 72 • B 73 • B 74 • B 75 • B 76 • B 77 • B 79 • B 80 • B 81 • B 82 • B 83 • B 84 • B 85 • B 86 • B 87 • B 88 • B 89 • B 90 • B 91 • B 92 • B 93 • B 94 • B 95 • B 96 • B 97 • B 98 • B 99

B 100 • B 101 • B 102 • B 103 • B 104 • B 105 • B 106 • B 107 • B 108 • B 109 • B 110 • B 111 • B 112 • B 113 • B 115 • B 122 • B 156 • B 158 • B 166 • B 167 • B 168 • B 169 • B 170 • B 171 • B 172 • B 173 • B 174 • B 175 • B 176 • B 178 • B 179 • B 180 • B 181 • B 182 • B 183 • B 184 • B 185 • B 186 • B 187 • B 188 • B 189 • B 190 • B 191 • B 192 • B 193 • B 194 • B 195 • B 196 • B 197 • B 198 • B 199

B 200 • B 201 • B 202 • B 203 • B 204 • B 205 • B 206 • B 207 • B 208 • B 209 • B 210 • B 211 • B 212 • B 213 • B 214 • B 215 • B 216 • B 217 • B 218 • B 219 • B 220 • B 221 • B 223 • B 224 • B 225 • B 226 • B 227 • B 228 • B 229 • B 230 • B 231 • B 233 • B 234 • B 235 • B 236 • B 237 • B 238 • B 239 • B 240 • B 241 • B 242 • B 243 • B 244 • B 245 • B 246 • B 247 • B 248 • B 249 • B 250&nbsp team uniforms football;• B 251 • B 252 • B 253 • B 254 • B 255 • B 256 • B 257 • B 258 • B 259 • B 260 • B 261 • B 262 • B 263 • B 264 • B 265 • B 266 • B 267 • B 268 • B 269 • B 270 • B 271 • B 272 • B 273 • B 274 • B 275 • B 276 • B 277 • B 278 • B 279 • B 281 • B 282 • B 283 • B 284 • B 285 • B 286 • B 287 • B 288 • B 289 • B 290 • B 291 • B 292 • B 293 • B 294 • B 295 • B 296 • B 297 • B 298 • B 299

B 300 • B 301 • B 303 • B 304 • B 305 • B 306 • B 307 • B 308 • B 310 • B 311 • B 312 • B 313 • B 314 • B 315 • B 316 • B 317 • B 318 • B 319 • B 320 • B 321 • B 322 • B 323 • B 324 • B 326 • B 327 • B 378 • B 388 • B 392 • B 399

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B 500 • B 501 • B 502 • B 503 • B 504 • B 505 • B 506 • B 507 • B 508 • B 509 • B 510 • B 511 • B 512 • B 513 • B 514 • B 515 • B 516 • B 517 • B 518 • B 519 • B 521 • B 522 • B 523 • B 525 • B 528 • B 532 • B 533 • B 535 • B 588

B 1a • B 3n • B 11a • B 12n • B 13n • B 15n • B 16a • B 26a • B 27a • B 28a • B 31a • B 33a • B 38a • B 39a • B 40a • B 43a • B 47a • B 47n • B 54n • B 55a • B 56n • B 62n • B 66n • B 96a • B 96b • B 158a • B 172a • B 178n • B 183a • B 187a • B 243a • B 245a • B 246a • B 248a • B 299a • B 410n • B 466a • B 480n

B 2a • B 4f • B 26n • B 64n • B 71n • B 87n • B 117 • B 131n • B 172b • B 189n • B 190n • B 212n • B 474n • B 475n • B 611

B 6n • B 7a • B 14n • B 16n • B 18 • B 18a • B 24 • B 46 • B 60 • B 61n • B 67n • B 72a • B 74n • B 96n • B 112n • B 196a • B 210a • B 222 • B 227n • B 232 • B 277a • B 280 • B 281a • B 302 • B 309 • B 340 • B 409 • B 425 • B 434 • B 435 • B 479 • B 488 • B 490 • B 520 • B 524 • B 530 • B 999 • B E • B R • B S • B Z

B 156a • B 160

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